Anyone who’s ever even looked at Gatineau Park, even if they’ve never been there, will know that there is a great blinking antenna sticking up out of the hills.
Anyone in the Ottawa area who listens to radio is hearing signals broadcast from this antenna; TV too if you don’t have cable and don’t watch your shows online.
Like any prominent landmark this antenna has a name and it’s more than “the antenna at Camp Fortune” or “the antenna in Gatineau Park.”
This is the Ryan Tower (although I’m not completely certain of the reason it’s called the Ryan Tower).
There were no radio stations at all in Ottawa when the Ottawa Ski Club first began exploring the Gatineau Hills. The Club first put down roots at Camp Fortune in 1920 and it was 1922 before the first station powered up; that was CKCO (now CIWW) and had its transmitters at 272 Somerset Street West (an address that no longer exists – 270 now being a multi-story apartment building).
The Ottawa Ski Club was preoccupied with getting up to Camp Fortune and doing a little ski jumping. In order to get there at the time it was necessary to put in a little time on cross country skis. Those who simply wanted to watch the daredevils jump also skied up and as time went on the joy of skiing morphed from transportation to recreation. The first access trails (often roads also used by sleighs in winter) were added to with scenic and exploratory or even thrilling hilly trails.
The Canyon Trail was one of these, leading up from Old Chelsea along what is now Trail #1 or Ridge Road and then veering right over the height of land and down into Camp Fortune via what they called “the canyon”; a geographic feature that washed away bridges in spring and gave the trail its name.
But before beginning its descent the Canyon Trail arrived at a place that was quickly christened “Top of the World.”
By the 1950s a few other trails lead to Top of the World which was obviously named for its height and visited for its views (then less tree-obstructed).
Some say that King Mountain is higher but not the topographical maps. A 1967 NRC map shows Top of the World to be over 1200 feet above sea level, with King Mountain at 1136 feet.
This same map shows three little peaks along that ridge, the southernmost being Top of the World and the northernmost standing above the top of Clifford at Camp Fortune.
When looking for a place to plant a radio aerial a high point of land is just what the broadcaster ordered.
And so it was that in 1961 Frank Ryan, owner of CFRA, installed a radio tower where Ryan Tower now stands.
There was less government red tape in those days because he made his presentation to the Board of Broadcast Governors asking for permission in June, and by December had the antenna in place and was broadcasting from the thing.
That first antenna had a kind of mechano truss structure and was installed using a helicopter.
It is reported to have stood at 1305 feet above sea level.
I said earlier that why this antenna is called Ryan Tower isn’t completely clear (to me anyway).
Yet I just told you that Frank Ryan had it installed.
Can’t I put two and two together? you must be thinking.
Well, it turns out that Frank Ryan was born in 1901 on a farm near Arnprior Ontario but the Gatineau hills had been crawling with Ryans for decades before that.
The property where Ryan Tower now stands is shown on an 1875 map as belonging to William Ryan; someone named R. Ryan is thought to have owned the land in the 1950s.
Was Frank Ryan related to those Gatineau Ryans? Or was it pure coincidence that one Ryan owned the highest point along the ridge and that another unrelated Ryan owned a radio station that found it convenient to place its antenna there? I haven’t been able to confirm or refute a familial relationship.I welcome tips from those who know.
It seems most likely, since Frank Ryan died in 1964 and the existing antenna tower was installed in 1968, that the tower was named in his honour at that time, but again I have yet to confirm this detail.
According to Wikipedia the Ryan Tower stands 1900 feet above sea level and is itself 750.8 feet tall. That original 1961 tower application called for a 952 foot height so neither the original tower nor the existing one quite reached as high as that.
The existing tower is supported by guy wires off in three directions and I have heard tales of near misses in light aircraft.
In days gone by the access to the antenna by radio engineers was not easy and Camp Fortune sometimes loaned use of their Bombardier snow machines to get the maintenance people to the antenna site.
The site is now managed by CBC but shares space for numerous broadcasters and has standby generating capacity in case of power outages.
There is also more to Frank Ryan than his tower.
A very popular guy, he made an unsuccessful run for Ottawa mayor shortly before he died. When he did die he gave much of the stock of CFRA to long term employees and had a system set up so that employees could buy stock themselves. He also donated land near where Algonquin College is now so that a school could be built and he was a strong supporter of local music and is an inductee at the Ottawa Valley Country Music Hall of Fame.
His wife Kathleen (Kay) Ryan took over his role in managing the company with great success. She was sister to another Ottawa Mayor, Charlotte Whitton.
Maybe this family had a thing about towers because wasn’t it Charlotte Whitton that insisted no high rises in Ottawa be taller than the Peace Tower?
Pingback: Re-Tweeted by Globe and Mail « Gatineau Park News
What, exactly does the “Danger high radio frequency” sign means? This does not inspire confidence, I run by Ryan tower multiple times a week, are we in danger and what about the kids working at Camp Fortune?
Is it dangerous to stand at the bottom of the tower for 30 min. or more…3-4 times a week?
The electromagnetic radiation that is used to carry radio stations and TV stations from the tower to eager listeners and watchers in their living rooms is the same stuff that heats your soup in the microwave. Only the wavelength changes (higher frequency = shorter wavelengths).
But the antennas on the tower are usually directional which means that they try to gain efficiency and therefore not use so much power by squeezing the beam of radiation into a shape that is stronger reaching out toward the landscape on the horizon, and weaker pointing up into the sky or down into the ground where there are less radios and TVs to receive it.
The further you get away from the antenna the less “cooking” you do.
But I have no idea as to the combined strength of the antennas as experienced on a woodland trail running near by, nor how that compares to what Health Canada thinks is a safe level.I have emailed CBC to ask them.
Dear Mr. Hodgson,
On behalf of Hubert T. Lacroix, President and CEO of CBC/Radio-Canada, I am writing to thank you for your recent e-mail, in which you inquire about the safety of the woodland trails near the Ryan Tower at Camp Fortune, in Gatineau Park.
I am pleased to tell you that it is safe for the public to use these woodland trails. A fence surrounds the tower for the purpose of keeping the public at a safe distance away from any electromagnetic energy. The fence can be difficult to see, as it is partially covered with creeping vines, which are there, intentionally, to render the fence less visually obtrusive.
Non-ionizing radiation (NIR) levels outside the fence meet public levels as established by Health Canada’s Safety Code 6, which defines safe levels for NIR.
I hope that this information will be useful to you. Again, thank you for taking the time to write to us. Happy hiking!
Chief of Staff
The real/only danger here is ice falling from the guy wires; there are signs, of course…
Please post any information. It is good info. I am currently getting rid of Rogers Cable TV and going with Over-the-air antenna. My last bill from Rogers told me that they were going to raise my rates again. I’ve had it. It was the straw that broke the camel’s back for me. I am now very interested in getting free HD TV. I’ll have the last laugh.
I like hearing the history about TV towers etc. They do a real service to our community. I am very happy we have them and hope more people like Frank Ryan will come forward to build TV towers and stations. I hope that in the future people can just tune in TV on their antennas and say “Bye-bye Rogers!!!!”. Please post whatever you know or have.